History in personalities

Department of Traumatologyand
Orthopedics of the National Medical Universitynamed
after O.O. Bohomolets

More than 35 years have passed (1969), when the gifted scientist, widely educated clinician, surgeon-innovator, teacher, mentor Oleksandr Hryhorovych Yeletsky passed away.

Alexander Grigorovich was born on May 29, 1889. in the family of an employee in Kharkiv. He received a good education, graduated from high school in 1906. entered the medical faculty of Kharkiv University, where he showed love not only for medicine but also for creative work. In 1911 he graduated with honors from the medical faculty and was drafted into the Army, where he served as a doctor of the 186th Aslanduz Regiment in Saratov. However, Oleksandr Hryhorovych did not sever ties with scientific teams, visited the advanced surgical university clinics of Saratov, passed doctoral exams at the university and in March 1913 professor of the Imperial Nikolaev University in Saratov prof. Rozumovsky VI makes a presentation to the management of the university: and is currently a military doctor in Saratov in the Aslanduz Regiment. His documents are in the university in case of passing the exam for the degree of doctor of medicine "(Published by the Emperor of Mykolayiv University, 1915 T.U1, issue 2 - p.8.11.104).

Thus began the path of creativity, science under the guidance of an outstanding talented surgeon Prof. Razumovsky VI. However, the creative path was interrupted by the beginning of the First World War.

OG Yeletsky was called up for active military service and was appointed surgeon of the main dressing detachment of the division. From the first years of the First World War, Alexander Grigoryevich provides assistance to wounded soldiers and officers, creatively accumulates clinical experience. In 1918, Alexander Grigoryevich returned to Saratov University to his former job at the department. The experience of the war gave rise to independent practical medical work. In 1919. he organizes an orthopedic department in the city of Saratov, a sanatorium for patients with osteoarticular tuberculosis, where he widely develops surgical treatments. In 1920 Yeletsky OG appointed vice-rector of the department. Having good theoretical training and extensive experience of the war years, Yeletsky OG in 1924 he defended his doctoral dissertation on "Resection of the posterior roots of the spinal cord as a means of treating spastic paralysis" and in January 1925. elected professor and then head of the Department of Operative Surgery and Topographic Anatomy of Saratov University. The combination of pedagogical and clinical work, filigree surgical technique and deep knowledge of anatomy and topographic anatomy, the need to find something new allowed Alexander Grigoryevich to creatively develop new directions in the surgery of the apparatus of support and movement. He pays special attention to reconstructive operations. He was the first in the Soviet Union to perform arthroplasty of the hip and knee joints in patients with tuberculous joint damage, and at the Congress of Surgeons in Leningrad (1928) he made a report on arthroplasty.In 1932. Professor Yeletsky OG are invited to the Department of Traumatology and Orthopedics of the Kyiv Medical Institute named after Academician OO Worshipers. His clinic was based on the Institute of Orthopedics and Traumatology. This is the period of creative flourishing of Professor Yeletsky. He organizes a school of young scientists, from which came professors, doctors of medicine. Sciences Ozerov AH, Knish IG, Panchenko MK, Talko IG, Shcherban OM and other.

His creative work was interrupted by the Great Patriotic War and Oleksandr Hryhorovych volunteered for the Army. He works as a hospital consultant, provides highly qualified assistance to veterans, teaches young surgeons the modern requirements of military field surgery, and operates extensively.

After the liberation of Kyiv in 1943. he returns to the department and continues his great creative, practical and pedagogical work. Takes an active part in scientific congresses, conferences. His reports always contained new directions, methods, creative developments. He together with Assoc. Prof. Montblanov VV substantiated that it is erroneous to perform large resections of the eburnified ends of the false joints because they grow well after the opening of the bone marrow canal and stable osteosynthesis.

The introduction into clinical practice of this reasonable position has allowed not only to successfully treat false joints, but also to prevent disability, significant shortening of the limb, which occurred after large resections of the erupted ends of the false joints. The problems of restoration of large joints developed by Oleksandr Hryhorovych and his students were the basis for the introduction of reconstructive surgery in clinical practice, which allowed not only to reduce the degree of disability, but also to restore patients both support and dynamic function of the affected joints.

The experience of the Patriotic War became the basis for the active treatment of purulent lesions of the musculoskeletal system, namely gunshot osteomyelitis.

OG Yeletsky pays a lot of attention to the treatment of patients with purulent diseases of the joints, bone fusion and treatment not only of defective joints, but also to clarify the causes of delayed fusion, and accordingly the justification of pathogenetic treatment.

Alexander Grigoryevich also developed one of the difficult problems of traumatology - the treatment of obsolete and congenital dislocations of the thigh and shoulder in adults.

Prof. Yeletsky OG took an active part in the preparation of the Great Medical Encyclopedia, he wrote the section "Dislocations".

Professor OG Eletsky has published more than 60 scientific papers, three monographs. His scientists defended 5 doctoral and 19 candidate dissertations.

Having transferred the department to his student prof. Ozerov AH, Yeletsky OG conducted consulting work, summarized the enormous clinical experience to the last days of his life. Yeletsky OG died December 2, 1969

The creative personality of Oleksandr Hryhorovych, scientist, surgeon-innovator, clinician remains in the memory of his students, who continue to develop the scientific direction of prof. Yeletskoho OG

School of Professor Yeletsky OG continues to remain at the forefront of domestic science.


Professor Ozerov Anton Hrysanfovych, was born on January 30, 1912 in the family of an employee in Sambor, Lviv region. After graduating from high school he entered the medical faculty of Lviv University, graduating in 1940. After graduating from the university he worked as a district doctor in Ivano-Frankivsk region, then a surgeon in hospitals mm. Lviv, Volodymyr-Volynskyi, and during the Great Patriotic War in the hospitals of the Soviet Army. From 1946 to 1948 he worked as a laboratory doctor at the Department of Otolaryngology of the Kyiv Institute for Advanced Training of Physicians, and in 1948. entered the clinical residency of the Kyiv Research Institute of Traumatology and Orthopedics, where he worked in the clinic of prof. Yeletsky OG, under whose guidance he defended his dissertation for the degree of candidate of medical sciences in 1954 on the topic: "Surgical treatment of patients suffering from deforming arthrosis of the lower extremities", and in 1963 he defended his dissertation for the degree of doctor of medical sciences. on the topic: "Deforming orthosis of the hip joint in the clinic and experiment."
Anton Hrysanfovych went from a clinical resident to the head of the 1st clinic, and in 1963 he was elected head of the Department of Traumatology and Orthopedics of Kyiv Medical University. acad. O.O. Bogomolets, which he headed until 1976.

Prof. Ozerov AH was a widely erudite scientist-clinician. His research was devoted to one of the pressing problems of orthopedics? degenerative-dystrophic lesions of the large joints of the lower extremities. He proved experimentally that one of the causes of degenerative-dystrophic changes in the hip joint is biomechanical abnormalities, which provided the basis for the development of methods of preventive surgery, which are aimed at restoring normal anatomical and biomechanical relationships in the joint in adults and thus the development of pathological process in the most able-bodied age of patients.

Many years of creative work devoted to one of the most pressing issues in traumatology? treatment of femoral neck fractures and limb fractures. His proposed method of closed osteosynthesis of fractures of the femoral neck was available to general practitioners.

As a student of the Kyiv School of Traumatology, he was a supporter of stable osteosynthesis of fractures of long tubular bones, false joints, improving metal clamps. Clinical and experimental studies of homo- and hetero-bone plastics allowed Prof. Ozerov A.Kh. substantiate the indications for the differentiated use of bone grafting in reconstructive surgery after the consequences of injuries and diseases of the musculoskeletal system.

Anton Hrysanfovych's research is known, which he devoted to spinal injuries and diseases, and in particular to the study of the pathogenesis and treatment of spondylolisthesis.

He has published about 80 scientific papers. Anton Hrysanfovych paid great attention to the training of young people. Under his supervision, 8 doctoral and 15 candidate dissertations were defended.

Professor Ozerov AH in addition to scientific, pedagogical, medical and consultative work he was an active member of the editorial board of the interdepartmental collection "Orthopedics, Traumatology and Prosthetics", a member of the Board of the Republican Scientific Society of Traumatologists and Orthopedists. His research became the basis for further development.

Yevhen Tymofiiovych Sklyarenko was born on October 14, 1924 in the family of an employee in the village of Maly Divlin, Olevsk district, Zhytomyr region.

After the end of the decade in 1941 he volunteered for the active Army and fought on the Southwestern and First Ukrainian fronts. In 1945 he was demobilized and entered the Vinnytsia State Medical Institute, and in the 1st semester he transferred to the Lviv Medical Institute, graduating with honors in 1950.

After graduating from the institute, he went to work in Izmail (now Odessa region), head of the district hospital in the village of Shevchenkovo, Kiliya district.

In 1952 he entered the clinical residency of the Kiev Research Institute of Traumatology and Orthopedics, which he graduated in 1954 and was selected by competition as a researcher at the III clinic. Teachers of Prof. Sklyarenko ET were: Laureate of the State Prize of the Union Klimov KM, Prof. Frumina AE and Prof. Yeletsky OG. At the institute Sklyarenko ET went from a researcher to the head of the III clinic, which he managed from 1957 to 1999

In 1959 Sklyarenko ET defended his dissertation for the degree of Candidate of Medical Sciences, and in 1966 his dissertation for the degree of Doctor of Medical Sciences.

In 1969 he was awarded the title of professor, and in 1984 Honored Scientist of Ukraine.

In 1977 he was elected head of the Department of Traumatology and Orthopedics of the Kyiv Medical Institute named after OO Bogomolets. He headed the department until 1997, and later worked under contract as a professor of the same department. For 11 years he was the head of the scientific student society of the institute. Prof. Kisel.

Prof. Sklyarenko ET is the founder of a new scientific direction and school in orthopedics and rheumatology - rheumatoid orthopedics, for which in 1977 he was awarded the State Prize of Ukraine.

He is the author of a number of reconstructive and reconstructive operations on large joints, for which in 1996 he was awarded the State Prize of Ukraine for the second time.

Prof. Sklyarenko ET - the founder of the introduction of orthopedic treatment of bone and joint lesions in patients with hemophilia, psoriasis, which significantly reduces the disability and its severity.

Substantiated and proposed in clinical practice the treatment of degenerative-dystrophic lesions of the joints depending on the form of the pathological process and systematized the nomenclature;
- proposed a classification of diseases of the joints, fractures of the proximal end of the femur and substantiated the indications and methods of surgical treatment of fractures of the acetabulum of the femur.
- proposed and developed a method of closed osteosynthesis of oblique and helical diaphyseal fractures;
- substantiated and developed a method of osteosynthesis of intra-articular fractures of the knee joint;
- substantiated and proposed an immersion method of transplantation of articular ends, preserved by low temperature and demineralized articular ends;
- developed and proposed a method of treating synovitis with a solution of furazolidone.

He published a textbook for universities "Traumatology and Orthopedics".

He has published 6 monographs and published 342 scientific papers.

Under the leadership of Prof. Sklyarenko ET 6 doctoral dissertations and 23 candidate dissertations were defended, including 6 foreigners.

Prof. Sklyarenko ET is the editor of the journal "Chronicle of Traumatology and Orthopedics", a member of the editorial board of the journal Ukrainian Rheumatology Journal, "Orthopedics, Traumatology and Prosthetics", "Bulletin of Traumatology and Orthopedics".


Oleksandr Anatoliyovych Buryanov was born on July 19, 1960 in the city of Kyiv.

In 1983 he graduated from the medical faculty of the Kyiv Medical Institute. From 1984 he studied in an internship in the specialty "traumatology and orthopedics" on the basis of the clinical hospital № 9 in Kyiv.

In 1984 he was elected a researcher at the Kyiv Research Institute of Hematology and Blood Transfusion in the Department of Burns.

From 1987 he passed the competition and until 1990 he studied in full-time graduate school at the Kharkiv Research Institute of Traumatology and Orthopedics. prof. E. Small.

In 1990-1991 he worked as a researcher at the Department of Spine Pathology at the same institute.

Since 1991, after being elected by competition, he has been working as a senior researcher at the Department of Spine Pathology with the Republican Spinal Center. Since then, Buryanov OA actively involved in teaching traumatology and orthopedics at the Department of Ukrainian State Medical University.

Since 1993, after being elected through a competition, he has been working as an assistant and associate professor at the Department of Traumatology and Orthopedics.
In 1995, Buryanov OA by competition he is elected to the position of the head of the department of traumatology and orthopedics.

In 1997 he defended his dissertation for the degree of Doctor of Medical Sciences, and in 2000 he was awarded the academic title of Professor of Traumatology and Orthopedics.

Prof. Buryanov OA is a member of the Specialized Academic Council 14.01.21 "Traumatology and Orthopedics" at the Institute of Traumatology and Orthopedics of the Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine and "Rheumatology and Cardiology" at the National Medical University, is an expert of the Higher Attestation Commission of Ukraine on surgical diseases.

In addition, he is the Deputy Editor-in-Chief of the scientific-practical journal "Chronicle of Traumatology and Orthopedics", a member of the editorial board of the journals "Bulletin of Traumatology and Orthopedics" and "Trauma".

OA Buryanov is a member of the World Organization of Orthopedic Traumatologists (SICOT), the Organization of Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery (ISMIS), a member of the Board of the Association of Traumatologists and Orthopedists of Ukraine.

He is the author of more than 200 scientific papers, 17 patents and inventions, 2 monographs, 5 textbooks.

The great scientific achievements of the department are made in the field of developing problems of restoration of musculoskeletal function, treatment of spastic paralysis, diseases and injuries of the spine, treatment of pseudo-joints, osteoarticular tuberculosis, study of bone regeneration, development of arthroplasty techniques and others.

Significant achievements have been made in the treatment of degenerative-dystrophic lesions of the musculoskeletal system, hip dysplasia, problems of osteosynthesis and rheumatoid orthopedics.

Today, the staff of the department has published 18 monographs, more than 1,400 scientific papers, 82 works are protected by copyright certificates.

19 doctors and 64 candidates of medical sciences were trained. Currently there are 3 doctoral and 5 candidate

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