List of questions for the final modular control of knowledge in traumatology and orthopedics

(final modular control)
  1. The contribution of domestic scientists to the development of traumatology and orthopedics.
  2. Orthopedic schools in Ukraine, the history of the Department of Traumatology and Orthopedics NMU. OO Bogomolets
  3. Clinical diagnosis of hip dysplasia in early childhood.
  4. Clinical diagnosis of congenital hip dislocation in early childhood.
  5. X-ray diagnosis of pulmonary joint dysplasia.
  6. X-ray diagnosis of congenital hip dislocation in early childhood.
  7. Treatment of hip dysplasia.
  8. Treatment of congenital hip dislocation in children under 1 year.
  9. Clinic and treatment of congenital hip dislocation after 1 year.
  10. Congenital clubfoot. Clinic, conservative treatment.
  11. Surgical treatment of clubfoot.
  12. Congenital muscular hemorrhage. Clinic, diagnosis, treatment.
  13. Degenerative-dystrophic lesions of the joints. Classification, clinic, X-ray diagnostics.
  14. Conservative and operative treatment of deforming arthrosis in stages.
  15. Osteochondrosis. Pathogenesis, clinic, diagnosis, treatment.
  16. Scoliosis. Classification, clinic by degrees.
  17. Conservative treatment of scoliosis.
  18. Surgical treatment of scoliosis.
  19. Spondylolisthesis. Pathogenesis. Clinic, diagnosis, treatment.
  20. Consequences of polio. Clinic, principles of treatment.
  21. Flat feet. Clinic, diagnosis, principles of treatment.
  22. Flat-foot deformity. Clinic, prevention and treatment.
  23. Amputation. Classification of amputations. Indication.
  24. Amputation technique, types of amputation, priority of domestic scientists.
  25. Defects and diseases of the amputation stump.
  26. Prosthetics, classification of prostheses, preparation of stump for prosthetics.
  27. Osteochondropathy of the femoral head. Clinic, diagnosis, treatment.
  28. Osteochondropathy of tibial tuberosity. Clinic, treatment.
  29. Rheumatoid arthritis. Etiopathogenesis. Pathomorphological picture.
  30. Rheumatoid arthritis. Classification, stages of activity, functional insufficiency of the joint.
  31. Rheumatoid arthritis. Clinic by stages.
  32. Rheumatoid arthritis. Conservative and operative treatment.
  33. Differential diagnosis of infectarthritis.
  34. Orthopedic prevention of contractures and deformities in infectarthritis.
  35. Malignant bone tumors. Diagnosis and treatment.
  36. Differential diagnosis of tumors.
  37. Clinic and classification of spastic paralysis.
  38. Principles of conservative and operative treatment of spastic paralysis.
  39. Benign bone tumors. Diagnosis and treatment.
  40. Bone regeneration.
  41. Fractures in the surgical neck of the humerus. Classification, diagnosis, principles of treatment.
  42. Diaphyseal fractures of the humerus, clinic, diagnosis, treatment.
  43. Supra-and condylar fractures of the humerus. Classification, treatment.
  44. Diaphyseal fractures of the forearm bones. Clinic, diagnosis, treatment.
  45. Montague and Galliation damage. Clinic, diagnosis, treatment.
  46. Fractures of the radial bone in a typical place. Classification, clinic, diagnosis, treatment.
  47. Fractures of the navicular bone of the wrist. Classification, clinic and treatment.
  48. Folkman's contracture. Clinic, diagnosis, treatment.
  49. Bonnet's injury. Clinic, diagnosis, treatment.
  50. Post-traumatic extremity dystrophy (Turner-Zudek syndrome). Clinic, diagnosis, treatment.
  51. Fractures of the fingers of the wrist. Clinic, diagnosis, treatment.
  52. Treatment of injuries of the wrist fractures.
  53. Fractures of the femoral neck. Classification, clinic, diagnosis, treatment.
  54. Fractures of the acetabular region of the femur. Classification, clinic, diagnosis, treatment.
  55. Diaphyseal fractures of the femur. Classification. Clinic, diagnosis, treatment.
  56. Fractures of the condyles of the femur. Clinic, diagnosis, treatment.
  57. Fractures of the condyles of the tibia. Clinic, diagnosis, treatment.
  58. Diaphyseal fractures of the tibia. Clinic, diagnosis, conservative treatment.
  59. Fractures of the ankle joint. Classification, clinic, diagnosis, treatment.
  60. Heel fractures. Clinic, treatment.
  61. Metatarsal fractures. Clinic, diagnosis, treatment.
  62. Pelvic fractures. Classification, diagnosis, treatment.
  63. Treatment of pelvic fractures with a violation of the posterior ring. Period of incapacity for work.
  64. Treatment of vertical fracture of the pelvic ring (anterior and posterior half-ring).
  65. Fractures of the transverse processes of the vertebrae. Clinic, diagnosis, treatment.
  66. Fractures of vertebral bodies. Classification, principles of diagnosis.
  67. Fractures of vertebral bodies. Clinic, treatment.
  68. Surgical treatment of vertebral fractures. Indicators, types of operations.
  69. Fractures of the ulnar process. Clinic, diagnosis, treatment.
  70. Fractures of the patella. Slaughterhouse, diagnosis, treatment.
  71. Clavicle fractures. Clinic, treatment.
  72. Scapular fractures. Classification, clinic, diagnosis, treatment.
  73. Shoulder sprains. Clinic, diagnosis, treatment.
  74. Central hip dislocation. Clinic, diagnosis, treatment.
  75. Forearm sprains. Clinic, diagnosis, treatment.
  76. Dislocations of the first finger of the wrist. Clinic, diagnosis, treatment.
  77. He twisted his hips. Clinic, diagnosis, treatment.
  78. Tibial dislocations. Clinic, diagnosis, treatment.
  79. First aid for damage to the musculoskeletal system.
  80. Principles of treatment of open injuries of bones and joints.
  81. Errors and complications in the treatment of fractures. Classification.
  82. Damage to the menisci of the knee joint. Clinic, diagnosis, treatment.
  83. Damage to the ligaments of the knee joint and ankle joint. Clinic, diagnosis, treatment.
  84. Сучасна класифікація травм кінцівок (пошкодження м'яких тканин, довгих кісток, суглобів).
  85. What areas are isolated in the tissues surrounding the wound canal in gunshot wounds, and what changes occur in these areas.
  86. Principles of first aid for gunshot wounds at the scene. Clearly formulate 10 rules for applying a tourniquet. What are the possible errors and complications when applying a tourniquet.
  87. Means for transport immobilization, indications and rules of transport immobilization.
  88. First aid measures for victims with limb injuries (urgent measures, measures that can be postponed).
  89. Qualified surgical care for victims with limb injuries: emergency measures, first-degree measures, second-degree measures.
  90. Indications, types and stages of surgical treatment of gunshot wounds. Features of PHO in gunshot wounds.
  91. Features and technique of amputations according to the primary indications for gunshot wounds of the extremities.
  92. Traumatic shock. Definitions, periods, principles of clinical diagnosis, features of care.

mandatory practical skills in traumatology and orthopedics for medical students

  1. Measurement of relative and anatomical length of limbs and segments, determination of functional leg shortening.
  2. Measurement of the volume of movements in the joints of the extremities (active and passive).
  3. Determination of the presence of free fluid in the joint cavity.
  4. Interpretation of radiographs with diseases and injuries of the musculoskeletal system.
  5. Transport immobilization in case of injuries:
- upper limb;
- lower extremity;
- the spine;
- pelvis.

  1. Local anesthesia in case of Beler fractures.
  2. Preparation of plaster bandages and binoculars
  3. Applying binoculars, circular plaster bandages.
  4. Imposition of skeletal traction.
- for the ulnar process;
- for the distal metaphysis of the femur;
- for the hump of the tibia;
- for the heel hump.

  1. Fracture reposition:
- radial bone in a typical place;
- humerus in the area of the surgical neck.

  1. Dislocation elimination:
- shoulder;
- forearms;
- 1 finger of the brush.

  1. Puncture of the knee joint.
  2. Clinical diagnosis of hip dysplasia.
  3. X-ray diagnosis of hip dysplasia.
  4. Corrective gymnastics in the case of congenital malformations of the musculoskeletal system:
- in the presence of hip dysplasia;
- in the presence of congenital muscular curvature of the neck;
- in the presence of congenital clubfoot.

  1. The use of orthopedic products in the treatment of congenital malformations of the musculoskeletal system.
Approved at the methodical meeting of the department on January 26, 18 № 13

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